[림수진 기자]

The Narco tunnel was discovered in early August between The State of Sonora, Mexico, and Arizona, USA. It was not a complete step because it failed to make an exit to the United States at the time of the discovery, but the internal closure was perfect enough for the media to investigate the “most sophisticated tunnel.” The left and right walls and ceiling were also closed with timber, concerned about the sand dents due to the nature of the desert area, with paving stones on the floor. Wires were excreted through tubes on the corners of walls and ceilings.
(c) U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement

In early August, another tunnel was discovered. This is already the third discovery of the year.

It’s a different tunnel, so it’s as long or short, narrow or wide as it is. And while there are various differences in the blowing device and electrical wiring method in the tunnel, their common characteristic is that they connect the two countries, namely Mexico and the United States. It is generally a form of putting an entrance to Mexico and putting an exit to the United States. Tunnel diggers are drug cartels on the Mexican side, and the ultimate goal is to transport drugs. Aka Narco Tunnel.

Since the 1990s, about 200 narco tunnels have been discovered. Every time a tunnel is found, it’s unbelievable, and perhaps more cinematic scenes are circulated in newspapers and broadcasts. The tunnel that was discovered is no exception, and many media outlets have described it as “the most sophisticated tunnel ever discovered.” Not surprisingly. To fit his reputation, the floor was paved with a single point of dirt, and a fine level of rail sat on top of it. All the electrical wiring were arranged along the corners of the 1.2-meter-high tunnel ceiling, fearing it would get wet. In addition, both walls and ceilings were also tight and clean shafts to prevent collapse.

Third Narco Tunnel

If you look at the photos that were published in the media, it could be a tunnel into a famous wine cellar in france. It would not be strange to see a crowd of tourists entering the city for a high entrance fee.

However, the reality is that the tunnel was built to transport drugs from Mexico to the United States, and that construction was not known when construction began, but fortunately, the ground wire was still on the ground on the U.S. side, and that construction was still underway about 450 meters from the point beyond the U.S. border.

The starting point of the tunnel was a building in San Luis Rio Colorado, Mexico’ Sonora. It was about 100 meters south of the border between the United States and Mexico.

In early August, experts in Arizona, usa, detected the entrance to the Narco tunnel. The tunnel was about to be completed, 400 meters long and 1 meter wide and 1.2 meters high. It was equipped with ditches and ventilators, and was hypothesized in the corners of the walls and ceiling to prevent the electrical wires from getting wet. It was a situation where a small working vehicle could be driven. In general, there is an essential rail mounting in the narco tunnel, which is also intended to mobilize the dirt and rock sands from the tunnel to mobilize the work vehicle and is an essential task for transporting drugs in large quantities in the future.
(c) U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement

Work began through the inner floors of a building there, stretching across the border into the basement of the twin city of San Luis, Usa. Of course, the end would have come through the floor of a building on the U.S. side, but before it was completed, it was captured by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) border guards. One day, a sand-based subsidence was accidentally detected near the U.S. border, and the u.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, which had been suspicious of it, was discovered by investigators and heavy equipment.

Of course, there were no arrests or confiscated drugs, but everything was perfect, as the media had one investigation into the “most sophisticated” tunnel. It is not clear exactly how many tunnels were built and how many drugs were passed from Mexico to the United States. However, if you look at the situation of the tunnel that was discovered at the end of March, just five months ago, it is possible to guess to some extent.

On March 31, another Narco tunnel, which attracted the attention of the mexican and global media, was discovered in the westernmost border between Mexico and the United States, bordering Tijuana, Mexico, and San Diego, United States. At the time, 1,300 pounds of cocaine, 86 pounds of methamphetamine, 17 pounds of heroin, and 3,000 pounds of marijuana were found in the tunnel. There was also a small amount, but two pounds of fentanyl.

Drugs seized in a drug tunnel found on the border between Tijuana, Mexico and San Diego, United States, in late March 2020. The types of drugs ranged from marijuana, cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine and fentanyl. It was valued at a total value of about $30 million.
(c) U.S. Federal Drug Enforcement Agency Press Release

In terms of value, it’s worth US$30 million. In particular, fentanyl, a chemical opiate type, has already emerged as a serious problem in American society because it has more than 100 times more addictive and destructive power than conventional cocaine or heroin. At the time of the discovery, it must have been a tunnel where a significant amount of drugs had been transported.

Inside the Narco Tunnel, discovered in March 2020.
(c) U.S. Federal Drug Enforcement Agency Press Release

The tunnel was 600 meters long and was built 10 meters underground. The tunnel’s ground is also the site of the higher and denser Trump Wall in September last year. President Trump visited on the day of completion to commemorate the newly complemented barrier, and he returned with a passionate speech on why the United States should strengthen the wall further, but at that point, the tunnel would have already been built beneath the ground and drugs would have been being transported.

In January, the Narco Tunnel, which connects Tijuana on the Mexican side of Tijuana and San Diego in the United States, was discovered in the west, with the narrative that it was “the longest tunnel ever discovered.” It was 1.6 kilometers long and was down to 21 meters underground. Like any other tunnel, the floor was lined with rails, and the entire area was equipped with blowing facilities and ample electrical lighting. At the point where the border crossing passed by the ground, the underground tunnel ceiling was also bordered, with every detail of the details so that they could know if the transit location was Mexican or American.

Inside the Narco Tunnel, discovered on the Mexican-American border in January 2020.
(c) U.S. Customs and Border Protection Press Release

With 24-hour surveillance by border guards, how can we penetrate the tunnel’s exit on U.S. soil, most of the tunnels are connected to private homes, factories, or warehouses, not just in the Mexican side, but also on the U.S. side. In 2018, for example, a tunnel exit was found on the floor of a fast-food KFC store near the border in Arizona, USA. Of course, it was a non-business KFC store, and it was revealed that the owner of the building was involved in a drug case and was under investigation.

In the last 20 years, more cinematic episodes have demonstrated that if you can create an entrance and exit by targeting empty factories and shops, you can build a tunnel connecting Mexico and the United States. However, it is still difficult to find an accurate answer in the face of the question of how much time and money it takes to build such a sophisticated and sophisticated tunnel. Nevertheless, such tunnels can be constantly built because they are fully compensated for the time and money.

The Law of Drug Distribution

Drug prices have several names. There are production prices, and there are medium distribution prices of various names depending on the region. And finally, there’s a street price called street price or street value. The final retail price. Of course, in this case, if you purchase more than 10 grams and less, you are priced differently.

Typically, the price of production, disclosed by drug research and research organizations, is between $200 and $400 per kilogram of pure cocaine as of 2020. To make 1kg of pure cocaine, you usually need more than one ton of coca leaves, which is the cost of buying that amount.

In Arizona, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (U.S. ICE) is using excavators and heavy equipment to dig sand to find the entrance to the Narco tunnel in August. Behind the excavator, you can see the border between Mexico and the United States.
(c) U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement

The manufacture of cocaine is still in Colombia and begins its journey northwards, with 1kg of cocaine trading at roughly $1,000 a line rising from Colombia to several countries in Central America and from $10,000 to $20,000 when it arrives in Mexico. And if you go to the U.S. any way from Mexico, the wholesale price there will rise to $70,000 or $80,000, and the final street price, the final retail price, will rise to $150,000.

So from Colombian producers to america’s final consumers, drugs are sprinkling huge amounts of money at each point of passage, creating at least ten times more added value than simply from Mexico to the United States. Some central American countries have drug-rooted value, which accounts for more than 10 percent of the country’s gross domestic product. Of course, blood is as much like the money that drugs are sown in each area.

There are now more than 40,000 homicides in Mexico during the year, more than 80 percent of which are associated with drug cartels. The lack of security in anarchy central America is also a result of the passage of drugs. The more added value is created, the more blood is likely to be sprayed.

Whenever the Narco tunnel was found, President Trump made a fiery rebuke to neighboring Mexico. This is because mexico failed to properly prevent it. He has repeatedly declared that the only thing that can protect the United States is the Trump wall that divides the two countries. If the United States is to protect its country from the influx of migrants and drugs that are never sweetened, we must build a stronger Trump wall.

In any case, the tunnel started in Mexico, so President Trump’s anger is correct. However, mexico’s point of view is that even though its drug cartels are involved, it is not a production or consumption, but a road that passes through for a while. If u.S. consumption disappears, Mexico’s drug cartels will lose power.

What is clear in the face of this complex situation, where chickens are first and foremost eggs, seems to be a fight, is that drug consumption in the United States has increased rapidly since 2000. The influx of drugs will make it different to determine whether consumption will increase or whether the drug continues to flow because of the increase in consumption. The Colombian cartel, which was disrupted by cooperation with the United States in the early 2000s, has recently re-emerged with increased cocaine production.

Corona narco tunnel more always… The Responsibility of the United States

In recent years, 700 tons of narcotics are consumed in the United States. If the drug sold in grams is usually calculated in tons, you can roughly estimate the amount. Consumption has been dominated by cocaine, heroin and methamphetamine, a traditional drug, but in recent years, fentanyl consumption is much more toxic.

As a result, the number of deaths from drug consumption in the United States in recent years is far greater than the number of deaths by suicide or murder. Of course, this number is also growing rapidly. In 2000, 17,415 died from drug consumption, while in 2017 72,235 died for the same reason. This is the largest number in the world. Drug addiction is also serious, with more than 50 percent of the population over the age of 26 in the U.S. experiencing any type of drug at least once in a lifetime, and people who have experienced addictive drugs such as heroin or methamphetamine, more than 10 percent of the population.

Drug consumption in the United States has emerged as a serious social problem for many years now, and the social costs have also increased exponentially. In particular, drug consumption in 2020 is on the rise as the evacuation of homes due to coronavirus window is longer this year. In addition, the highest toxic fentanyl consumption among drugs in recent years has become more pronounced, causing tension in the authorities. The price is much higher than any other drug. Based on one gram, fentanyl is more than $1600, compared to $150 for cocaine.

Most of the new drug is manufactured in China and distributed through Mexican drug cartels, wherethe export price in China is around $4,000 per kilogram, while in the United States, the price per weight rises to $1.6 million. At this point, it’s no surprise that the U.S. funnels $140 billion each year into Mexican drug cartels, according to a study by the organizations.

The tunnel will continue to be built in any way, as long as this big money goes into the Mexican drug cartel. Drug cartels will focus on tunnels, especially as the Corona era gets longer. In fact, since the coronavirus outbreak, the borders of each country have been blocked, and their drug distribution is often tied up.

Typically, drugs from Colombia and entering Mexico have become impossible to transport as Central American countries blockade their borders in the aftermath of the coronavirus, and fentanyl coming in from China is also not smooth.

What’s more serious to them is that the United States is almost blockaded on the border with Mexico. Traffic is permitted for essential industrial workers between the two countries, but most of the traffic is still controlled. Fentanyl is a high-cost drug and is transported in small quantities, so it was common to be transported legally hidden on the side of people crossing the border, rather than using narco tunnels. Therefore, the impact of the border blockade is bound to be even greater. In the end, if this control continues, more drugs will be diverted underground along the drug tunnel. It’s not easy to give up in front of money.

The Narco Tunnel was built in 2017 to connect the twin city of Nogales, Arizona, across the border from the city of Nogales, Mexico. A tunnel was launched at the cemetery tomb on the Mexican side of Nogales, close to the border, and surprised the people. The city has since earned the nickname ‘Capital of the Narco Tunnel’.[BBC NEWS screenshot)

At the same time as the Trump administration, the border between Mexico and the United States became tighter, higher, and thicker. As the United States had hoped, crossing the border with migrants without legal procedures became more difficult. Perhaps it seems to be converging on something almost impossible. The only concern is that the more difficult it is to cross the border, the higher the cost of migrant brokers who have been guiding the border, and the more they will eventually fall under the control of drug cartels.

If so, we cannot rule out the possibility that the Narco Tunnel could be not only a drug, but also a pathway for Mexican and Central American immigrants who still want to achieve the American Dream. Of course, most people who choose to travel to the United States without legal paperwork will not be able to afford the cost of expensive migrant brokers. The only way to get through the tunnel is to be the lowest gang member of a drug cartel called mula. A carrying carry with a certain amount of drugs in the stomach or somewhere in the body.

Each time a new Narco tunnel is discovered, it is clear that the U.S. government will strengthen its border defenses and build a tighter, higher border. Nevertheless, if drug consumption in the United States is not properly controlled, new tunnels will continue to be built in some way. In the meantime, if mexico and central American countries don’t solve the terrible security and terrible economic problems, not only drugs, but also migrants will eventually join the procession through the tunnel. I know i’m going to die, but like a fire moth jumping on fire.

Of course, the United States will still use a strong Trump wall to somehow block the influx, but it must ask itself whether the United States is historically free before the reality of the project. It is not clear that the current situation has already been tarnitis behind the political and economic supremacy that the United States has enjoyed in Mexico and Central America through unreasonable intervention in the last century. It is already clear that the past days of the United States, which are not long overdue, are not free from any of them, from the current lack of policing in Central America and Mexico, to drug cartels, migration, and a distorted economy.



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